Monday, February 24, 2014

Postfix : Show next deferred delivery attempt

Deferred mails happen, that's the hard life of the Internet. If you want to know when these mails will be requeued, you need to look at the Postfix's spool directory files.

First of all, get the mail's queue ID with the mailq, postqueue commands or the maillog file.
Once you have your queue ID type the following command :
 # find /var/spool/postfix/deferred/ -name QUEUE_ID -exec stat {} \;  

This will find your mail in the deferred spool and show its file's properties.
Postfix stamps mail's files with an access time in the future. This time is the time Postfix will requeue the mail for delivery.

Below a concrete example with the queue ID  3EC905800CB :
 # date  
 Mon Feb 24 18:32:27 CET 2014  
 # find /var/spool/postfix/deferred/ -name 7A5F2580101 -exec stat {} \;  
  File: `/var/spool/postfix/deferred/7/7A5F2580101'  
  Size: 28779      Blocks: 64     IO Block: 4096  regular file  
 Device: 811h/2065d   Inode: 5767425   Links: 1  
 Access: (0700/-rwx------) Uid: (  89/ postfix)  Gid: (  89/ postfix)  
 Access: 2014-02-24 19:22:30.000000000 +0100  
 Modify: 2014-02-24 19:22:30.000000000 +0100  
 Change: 2014-02-24 18:15:50.156029044 +0100  
As you can see the access/modify time is a time in the future, that means postfix will requeue the mail at 19:22:30.

Note : Requeuing doesn't mean that the mail will be sent at this exact time, it will depend on your active queue load.

Note 2: You can force a requeuing with the "postsuper -r" command

No comments:

Post a Comment